Canada faces an unprecedented challenge with an aging population and declining birth rate however with the help of immigrants, Canada’s labour force has continued to grow over the years.
With more than 286,000 permanent residents that are immigrants in 2017. More than half were admitted under the Economic Class programs. The amount contained refugees, people and secure persons admitted with compassion for these individuals trying to escape tyranny and achieve a better life.
Additionally, in 2017 Canada has adopted certain plans and policies to grow immigration amounts to over 300,000 with 60 percent of the increase in the Economic Class, by 2020. Growing immigration levels, especially in the Economic Class, will help do three things. Help support the economy and improve GDP. Help with the declining birth rate and ever so increasingly aging population and lastly to help integrate new ideas and innovations that many immigrants have done so in Canada.
The type of systems and policies that will be implemented and changed will be: reducing citizenship time to 12 weeks rather than the current 24 weeks. Spouses and family members will be processed over 12 months. The latest technology and software will be implemented to improve the speed of the processing. All of these factors will help address the backlog with the current immigration system, although the system still needs to be perfected and will be an ongoing approach to improving deficiencies.
With new levels in plans that states and territories can act upon addressing demands by executing the Atlantic Immigration Pilot and supporting francophone immigration communities outside Quebec.
Anti Immigration Future
Approximately 180,000 foreigners have been rejected for a visitor visa in 2012 and for 2016 over 500,000 were rejected. This continuing rejecting of visitor visa has increased at an almost exponential rate leading to an anti-immigration climate.
Other countries such as the U.S. and Europe have seen increasing issues with immigration from foreign countries, especially with a large influx of refugees and asylum seekers from Middle Eastern countries.
A recent poll showed that approximately 40 percent of Canadians believe that a large group of immigrants could impact heir chances of finding a job. Although contrary to their beliefs, there are labour shortages that are being filled with immigrants.
With unemployment dropping to a whopping 8.5 percent, the slowing of immigration could have potentially damaging effects on the economy due to jobs being unfilled by Canadians who don’t want to do them.
If Canada were to halt immigration entirely, about a quarter of the population would be over 64 by the time of 2020. Which would be a catastrophe in terms of funding for necessities for pensions, health care, and government-funded programs.
A shrinking labour force due to a slowing or halting immigration policy would put a lot of burden on an economy that must fund the elderly as a large population would be retired or unable to perform the jobs that are required at an efficient rate.
The Canadian government already has strict guidelines with their approach to figuring out which immigrants would help Canada grow both economically and culturally. Those with needed skills and academically successful are prioritized as they will be the future of Canada.
Immigration although a very touchy topic is still a very important and integral part of the economy and part of society. Canada was built on immigrants and will continue to do so even with bumps and brusies along the way.